Jargon Buster

We hope you find this glossary of common education and related terminology useful.

AfL – Assessment for Learning – From September 2009, all UK schools were expected to implement an assessment for learning program. Day-to-day assessments would include effective questioning; observations of children during teaching and while they are working; holding discussions with children; analysing work and reporting to children; conducting tests and giving quick feedback.

DfE – The Department for Education – They responsible for education and children’s services in England.

Differentiation – A wide variety of teaching techniques and lesson adaptations that teachers use with pupils of differing abilities in the same class.

EAL – English as an Additional Language – Refers to children whose first language(s) is/are not English and who may not yet be speaking English fluently or even at all.

EBD – Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties.

E Safety – a framework for protecting young people whilst using electronic media.

ESOL – English for Speakers of Other Languages or English as a Second or Other Language – If English is not your main language you can take part in a course to help you improve your English. These courses are called ESOL.

EWO – Education Welfare Officer – Person employed by the Local Authority to help parents and the LA meet their statutory obligations in relation to school attendance.

EYFS – Early Years Foundation Stage – A framework for care and education of children from birth to five years of age.  This stage typically means Nursery and Reception classes.

FSM – Free School Meals

G & T – Gifted and Talented (gifted are those with high ability in one or more academic subjects and the talented are those with high ability in sport).

HLTA – Higher Level Teaching Assistant

HMI – Her Majesty’s Inspector of Schools

ICT – Information and Communication Technology

IEP – Individual Education Plan for SEN pupils

Inclusion – removing barriers to learning so all pupils can participate at their own level.

INSET – In-Service Education and Training – training for teachers which takes place during the school year.

KS1 – Key Stage 1 – 5-7 years old (Years 1 and 2)

KS2 – Key Stage 2 – 7-11 years old (Years 3 to 6)

LAC – Looked After Children

LEA – Local Education Authority

LSA – Learning Support Assistant

MFL – Modern Foreign Languages

MLD – Moderate Learning Difficulties

NC – National Curriculum

NQT – Newly Qualified Teacher

Ofsted – The Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills is an independent organisation, which reports directly to Parliament. Ofsted inspects and regulates services, which care for children and young people and those providing education and skills for learners of all ages. Ofsted sets out to raise standards in British schools through regular inspections.

PE – Physical Education

Performance Table – published by the DfE to compare schools’ results.

Phonics – Phonics refers to a method for teaching speakers of English to read and write their language. It involves connecting the sounds of spoken English with letters or groups of letters (e.g. that the sound /k/ can be represented by c, k, ck or ch spellings) and teaching them to blend the sounds of letters together to produce approximate pronunciations of unknown words. In this way, phonics enables people to use individual sounds to construct words. For example, when taught the sounds for the letters t, p, a and s, one can build up the words “tap”, “pat”, “pats”, “taps” and “sat.”

PPA – Planning, Preparation and Assessment Time

PSHE – Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education

QTS – Qualified Teacher Status

RE – Religious Education

SATs – Standard Attainment Tests/Tasks – National Curriculum Tests and Tasks which take place at the end of Key Stage 1 and at the end of Key Stage 2.

SEN – Special Educational Needs Provision – Support for pupils with learning difficulties.

SENDCO – Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator

SLD – Severe Learning Difficulties

SLT – Senior Leadership Team

SMSC- Spiritual, moral, social and cultural development

SPAG – Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar

TA – Teaching Assistant

Transition – The movement of pupils to their new class or school and the procedures associated with it.